The study was conducted by researchers at the University of São Paulo School of Medicine (USP) in collaboration with European researchers and published in the journal Scientific Reports.
"Skip" breakfast is related to an increase in the indicators of obesity among adolescents. This is the main conclusion of a study published in the journal Scientific Reports. The research was carried out by researchers from the University of São Paulo School of Medicine (USP) in collaboration with European researchers.
Based on studies of boys and girls aged 12 to 18, the study identified the relationship between abolishing coffee and increasing body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and waist / height ratio indicators associated with obesity.
For the investigations, 3,528 young Europeans and 991 Brazilians reported their daily habits. The data was matched with the participants' weight measurements. In view of the sleep time of the youth, the effects of breakfast, the time in front of the screens and the lack of strong physical activity on the obesity indicators were calculated.
"Even good sleep, if a teenager" skips "breakfast, increases weight and waist circumference." Skip "breakfast behavior was associated with an increase in these (obesity) markers.", One of the authors of the study, explained epidemiologist Elsie Costa de Oliveira Wrong from the Research Group on Cardiovascular and Environmental Risks at the USP School of Medicine.
According to Elsie, affecting the breakfast factor on index obesity was even greater than the effect of other behaviors evaluated by the study – such as screen time and lack of training. Previous studies had already pointed to the importance of today's first meal in youth development. The habit of setting aside the first meal of the day is common among teenagers.
It is estimated that 20% will give up breakfast. Among girls, this behavior is even more common – 44.5% of European and 37.8% of Brazilian. Among boys, the proportion drops to 35.9% and 34.6%, respectively. According to Elsie, the difference can be linked to the quest for weight loss for aesthetic purposes.
It turns out that limitations have the opposite effect. "By not getting food, the body releases hormones against regulators. It understands that the reserve is small and lasts a little longer," Elsie says. Another reason is that if the kid leaves to eat in the middle of the day, he chooses low-calorie and more nutritious food, which contributes to weight gain.
"What I see in everyday life is that many people do not eat breakfast but eat at school. And when they buy, it is not the best option, it is a ready-made sandwich, soda, chocolate and sugar milk, sweetened fruit juice, when not buying drumsticks, rubs, says endocrinologist Mario Kehdi Carra, president of the Brazilian Association for the Study of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome (Abeso).
However, families report difficulties in managing young people's lack of appetite Early in the day. "I usually only drink milk. I even try to eat, but I'm not hungry, "says 14-year-old student Pietro Affonso." I can even feel hungry during class, so I'm talking on bread (pâté) "
According to Andressa Heimbecher , an endocrinologist at the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabology, parents must investigate the cause of starvation – For example, it may be linked to a very calorie dinner or even reflux problem, for her, coffee at home is also advantageous from another point of view. when parents can observe how their child eats and suggests changes. "Infants in children are the mirror for parents. If he does not sit down to drink coffee does not convey the example. "