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South American lizard’s blood pressure mechanism is more efficient at cool temperatures

Publicado em 18 fevereiro 2021

The mechanism that retains arterial blood pressure secure in black and white tegu lizards (Salvator merianae) at the same time as their physique temperature varies considerably is more efficient at decrease than increased exterior temperatures, opposite to what has at all times been believed, and vascular regulation performs a key function in pressure changes, in response to an article revealed in PLOS ONE by researchers at the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar) within the state of São Paulo, Brazil.

The findings pave the way in which for more investigation of the physiology of ectothermic animals, which depend on exterior environmental components to manage physique temperature, and of novel functions for the strategy used within the research.

“At some time, practically everyone feels dizzy on getting out of bed too quickly. The baroreflex is the mechanism that compensates for the sudden change in arterial pressure as blood in the lower part of the body, which flows at the same height as the heart while the person is lying down, suddenly has to flow against gravity when they get up. This kind of reflex is a feature of all vertebrates and is affected by temperature. It used to be thought that the increase in metabolism at higher temperatures enhanced the efficiency of the mechanism, but that’s not what we found in our study,” stated Renato Filogonio, first writer of the article and a researcher within the Department of Physiology at UFSCar’s School of Biological and Health Sciences (CCBS) with a postdoctoral scholarship from FAPESP.

The analysis was a part of a venture funded by FAPESP and with Cléo Alcantara Costa Leite, a professor at CCBS-UFSCar, as principal investigator.

“The baroreflex is an important mechanism that keeps pressure stable at the start of the circulatory circuit,” Leite stated. “Blood pressure must be high at the start and low at the end of the system because the pressure difference is what drives the blood flow. Without blood flow, there’s no perfusion, which is the passage of blood through the tissues. The baroreflex is an adjustment mechanism, a reflex produced by the autonomic nervous system in all vertebrates to maintain homeostasis in the cardiovascular system.”

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Previous analysis confirmed that the effectivity of the baroreflex in reptiles and amphibians will increase because the temperature rises, however coronary heart charge alterations have been measured after using medication to lift or decrease blood pressure within the research in query. Here the animals have been evaluated with out the stress of pharmacological manipulation.

Furthermore, earlier research targeted on compensatory baroreflex-related coronary heart charge modulation, generally known as the cardiac department, as this may be measured utilizing the pharmacological technique. The CCBS-UFSCar researchers analyzed the vascular department, i.e. vascular resistance and compliance when aortic valves shut, to seek out out if it helped the cardiac department maintain cardiovascular homeostasis at low temperatures.

“It’s counterintuitive to observe that the cardiac branch of the baroreflex is less efficient at low temperatures because animals lower their heart rate as they cool down and fewer events are therefore needed to regulate blood pressure,” Filogonio stated. “In this situation, the cardiac branch should be more efficient, not less, so we assumed there must be other mechanisms besides the cardiac branch that assisted pressure regulation at low temperatures and decided to investigate the vascular branch, which is ignored by most research in this field.”

Diastolic and systolic arterial blood pressure, coronary heart charge, and pulse interval have been measured through catheters implanted in 11 tegus and related to pressure transducers. Measurements have been taken at three temperatures: 15 °C, similar to imply nocturnal temperature; 35 °C, most well-liked for daytime actions; and 25 °C, similar to the midpoint between these two extremes.

“The results showed that in practice the baroreflex acts more efficiently when the temperature is falling, which is the opposite of what was previously believed. When the temperature is lower, heart rate is lower and compensations can’t rely only on this regulatory branch. That’s what happens in this case. The mechanism is made more efficient by vascular adjustments,” Leite stated.

“The study is a good starting point for further research on the vascular branch of the baroreflex, focusing on comparative physiology, evolution or medical aspects, given that the method can easily be implemented in other animals,” Filogonio stated.

More info:
Renato Filogonio et al, Baroreflex acquire and time of pressure decay at totally different physique temperatures within the tegu lizard, Salvator merianae, PLOS ONE (2020). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0242346

Citation:
South American lizard’s blood pressure mechanism is more efficient at cool temperatures (2021, February 18)
retrieved 18 February 2021
from https://phys.org/news/2021-02-south-american-lizard-blood-pressure.html

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