Brazilian researchers have revealed a scientific evaluation of the scientific literature displaying that some warm-up methods reminiscent of dynamic stretching can successfully put together soccer gamers to take care of kicking accuracy, whereas intense bodily workouts have a detrimental impact on the rate of the ball when kicked, and consumption of carbohydrate drinks throughout a match can allow gamers to take care of satisfactory kicking efficiency within the concluding moments of extended bodily train reminiscent of a sudden-death playoff.
The evaluation, revealed within the journal Sports Medicine in December 2020, analyzed 52 research, ten of which examined the acute results of warm-up workouts whereas 34 verified the general affect of bodily coaching and 21 explored recovery-related methods.
Proficient kicking is crucial in soccer, particularly to attain targets. The prime three golf equipment in spherical 30 of the 2020 Brazilian Championship, for instance, had taken 162, 132 and 169 photographs at aim respectively within the matches performed to this point, scoring 50, 48 and 51 targets.
Individual participant traits reminiscent of maturity, ability stage and gender might affect efficiency, however coaching, and restoration interventions additionally assist receive higher outcomes.
The literature evaluation was a part of the doctoral analysis carried out by Luiz Henrique Palucci Vieira with help from FAPESP on the Human Movement Research Laboratory (MOVI-LAB) of São Paulo State University’s School of Sciences (FC-UNESP) in Bauru.
Vieira’s Ph.D. thesis advisors are Fabio Augusto Barbieri, who heads MOVI-LAB, and Paulo Santiago, who additionally took half within the evaluation. Vieira is doing his analysis on the University of São Paulo’s Ribeirão Preto School of Physical Education and Sports (EEFERP-USP) with help from FAPESP by way of initiatives 2019/22262-3 and 2019/17729-0.
According to Vieira and his co-authors within the evaluation, kick velocity is negatively affected by intense bodily train protocols, reminiscent of intermittent endurance sprinting or graded efforts to exhaustion, whereas passive resting within the half-time break doesn’t have an effect on kick velocity. Kicking accuracy and ball velocity may be enhanced by warm-up routines that embrace dynamic stretching, whereas consumption of carbohydrate drinks will help keep ball velocity following extended train.
The authors conclude that the evaluation will help inform future analysis and sensible interventions in an try to measure and optimize soccer kicking efficiency, though extra research are wanted, particularly involving younger gamers.
The subsequent steps in Vieira’s undertaking will embrace experiments designed to evaluate the results of preparation and restoration methods on gamers’ kicking efficiency. Initially, the researchers are analyzing the affect of particular person traits reminiscent of sleep high quality and mind (particularly cortical) exercise throughout execution of mid-distance kicks.
“This is progressive analysis from the standpoint of applicability, aiming at totally different varieties of data, strategies, and information in neuromechanics to attempt to enhance the efficiency of soccer gamers,” Barbieri informed Agência FAPESP. “An instance is the monitoring of mind exercise throughout kick preparation and execution. Few research have executed this anyplace on the earth.”
The second a part of the undertaking will embrace testing of post-activation potentiation (PAP) and chilly water immersion, each extensively utilized by soccer trainers, to learn how they have an effect on motion mechanics and efficiency in younger gamers.
Kicking by under-17s in a membership within the inside of the state of São Paulo was filmed utilizing slow-motion cameras in 2019 and 2020 to research leg actions, ball velocity, and kicking accuracy. “This yr we’ll proceed the analysis to search for elements that affect kicking, full our evaluation of the info collected, and publish a paper,” Vieira stated.
Academics have little entry to skilled soccer golf equipment in Brazil for analysis and science partnerships, he famous. More openness and collaboration are wanted if there are to be advances in science and in participant efficiency since scientific journals within the subject are inclined to publish solely papers with sensible functions.
To arrive on the examine universe used within the evaluation, the researchers carried out a scientific seek for sure key phrases and descriptors in papers listed till July 2020 by PubMed, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, Scopus, and ProQuest. The search resulted in 10,780 research. After eradicating duplicates and research indirectly related to sports activities efficiency, they had been left with 52 research thought-about appropriate for systematic evaluation. A complete of 947 gamers had been evaluated in these research, all of them male. According to Vieira, little or no scientific analysis is completed on feminine athletes. “This can be one of many priorities we advocate,” he stated.
Penalty kick analysis hits the spot
Luiz H. Palucci Vieira et al, Acute Effects of Warm-Up, Exercise and Recovery-Related Strategies on Assessments of Soccer Kicking Performance: A Critical and Systematic Review, Sports Medicine (2020). DOI: 10.1007/s40279-020-01391-9
Scientists assess results of soccer participant preparation and restoration on kicking efficiency (2021, March 17)
retrieved 17 March 2021
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