A São Paulo capital have, for the first time, more residences According to a study released today (6) by the Metropolis Studies Center (CEM), Research, Innovation and Diffusion Center (Cepid) of the São Paulo State Research Foundation (FAPESP).
The data is part of a set of technical notes entitled Urban Policies, Inequalities and Planning. The works on municipal planning, mobility, social participation and budget will be published weekly until September, when the SP 21 Forum takes place. The event between the 21st and 30th will analyze the urban planning of São Paulo.
The first technical note explores the theme of the municipality’s formal residential stock between 2000 and 2020. Information from the Municipal Finance Department (SF) was used, which serves as a basis for launching the Urban Land Property Tax (IPTU). Therefore, slums and unregulated subdivisions are excluded. “There are between 20% and 25% of residences in São Paulo outside this universe”, explains Eduardo Marques, director of CEM.
According to the researchers, the expansion of buildings is due to the significant growth of medium-income vertical properties, as well as that of high-end vertical properties. The text of the note points out that “the city seems to be accelerating a process of elitization of residential typologies”.
In 2000, São Paulo had 1.23 million horizontal residential properties, occupying 152 million square meters (m²). In the same period, there were 767 thousand vertical units in 108.7 million m². Ten years later, houses totaled 1.37 million in 183.7 million m² and vertical properties totaled 1.38 million, in an area of ??190.4 million m².
“Other notes later on that will explore this general information that we’re releasing in the first note in geographical terms, in spatial terms. We will be able to understand the more localized trends, because spatial processes that are different are certainly hidden behind this total number”, Marques pointed out to Agência Brasil.