Science for Brazil (Reino Unido)

Research Papers from FAPESP Week Beijing

Publicado em 23 abril 2014

Here  you can see reports of some of the joint research programmes presented in Beijing by Chinese and Brazilian scientists:

1. Surface Physics and Nanostructured Materials

Researchers develop material with applications in nanotechnology and microelectronics.

In nature,  molecules and complex structures adapt and adjust to the conditions of the biological systems into which they are introduced. Following this example, structures obtained from silicon with self-organized nickel nanoparticles deposited on its surface, have been developed by researchers at the Gleb Wataghin Physics Institute (IFGW) of the University of Campinas (Unicamp).

You can read a report by clicking here

2. Electrostatics

Brazilian researchers make discoveries

This branch of science was waiting for a breakthrough  in terms of new theories and experimental techniques for properly identifying and classifying which entities, ions or electrons, confer a charge upon materials. New data presented by Brazilian researchers  and discoveries in this field could  play a future role in energy production.

You can read a report by clicking here

3. Earth Studies  and Climate Change

Brazilian Earth System Model   (BESM) presented in China

Brazil’s contribution to the  IPCC’s global models of climate change also takes into account the fact that  instead of using existing models such as the American or European ones, the BESM is intended as a tool that can aid researchers in examining the factors at play in the Brazilian context, such as intentional burn-offs or deforestation in the Amazon Forest.

You can read a report by clicking here

4. Life Sciences

Plant growth hormone is focus of Chinese research

Chinese research into  growth drivers for plants  include study of phytohormones. Peking University researchers plan to assemble an atlas of phytohormone biology and produce theoretical models that can be used to describe, verify and predict the operation and actions of these hormones.

You can read a report by clicking here

5. Environmental Science

Chinese develop model for studying pollutants

Recent reports have indicated a substantial proportion of Chinese territory  has suffered form the effects of industrial pollution – making a model for study and eventual remediation a priority. This is a study of toxic persistent organic pollutants (POPs),  produced by incomplete burning of organic matter

6. Genetics and Biofuels

Brazilian Researchers uncover defense code for sugarcane

Understanding cell wall chemisty of sugar cane is the key to unlocking greater efficiency in the process of harvesting renewable energy from plant sugars. Plant cell walls have a highly complex organization, making them resistant to enzymes that can carry out the process of breaking the chemical bonds of the polysaccharides (hydrolysis) and enable sugar extraction.

You can read a report by clicking here.

7. Solid State Physics

Mass production of carbon nanotubes is still far off

Production cost of nanotubes has fallen from US$45,000 per kilo to US$100, but production and use of carbon nanotubes on a scale of millions of tons remains far from a reality, owing to existing challenges related to production, purification, dissemination and commercial application of the material.

You can read a report by clicking here.