Notícia

Florida News Times (EUA)

Coronavirus infects and replicates salivary gland cells

Publicado em 07 julho 2021

In Brazil, researchers at the University of Sao Paulo School of Medicine (FM-USP) have discovered that SARS-CoV-2 infects and replicates the salivary glands.

Analysis of samples from three salivary glands obtained during a minimally invasive autopsy procedure performed on patients who died of COVID-19 complications at the FM-USP hospital complex Hospital Das Clinicas , Showed that tissues specialized in saliva production and secretion function as reservoirs. For the new coronavirus.

This study is supported by FAPESP Pathology Journal..

Researchers said the findings helped explain why the virus is so abundant in saliva and allowed scientists to develop saliva-based diagnostic tests for COVID-19.

“This is the first report of the ability of respiratory viruses to infect and replicate salivary glands. So far, it has been thought that only viruses that cause very widespread diseases, such as herpes, used salivary glands as reservoirs. This finding may help explain the reason for SARS-CoV-2, which is highly infectious. ” He told Agência FAPESP that he was a candidate for a USP dental school and the first author of the article.

Previous studies by the same group have already demonstrated the presence of RNA from SARS-CoV-2 in periodontal tissue. Patients who died of COVID-19..

The hypothesis that SARS-CoV-2 is more infectious than other respiratory viruses, so it may replicate in salivary gland cells and be present in saliva without contact with nasal or lung secretions. I set it up. In a previous study, the ACE2 receptor was detected in the salivary gland duct. The SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds to ACE2 to invade and infect cells. Recently, other research groups have conducted studies in animals and have shown that other receptors other than ACE2, such as transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2) and furin, present in salivary glands are targets for SARS-CoV-2. I will.

To test this hypothesis in humans, ultrasound-guided autopsy was performed on 24 patients with an average age of 53 years who died of COVID-19 and tissue samples were taken from the parotid, submandibular, and minor salivary glands. I extracted it.

The· Tissue sample It was subjected to molecular analysis (RT-PCR) and the presence of the virus was detected in more than two-thirds. Immunohistochemistry (a form of immunostaining in which the antibody binds to the antigen in the tissue sample, the pigment is activated, and then the antigen can be observed under a microscope) also showed the presence of the virus in the tissue. Finally, electron microscopy detected not only the presence of the virus, but also the replication of the virus inside the cell and the type of organelle used for replication.

“I observed some viruses gathering in my saliva. Gland The cells showed that they were replicating there. They were passively absent from these cells, “Mattac said.

Mouth as a direct entrance

Given that ACE2 and TMPRSS2 are found in various parts of caries, gingival tissue, and oral mucosa, researchers are now looking to see if the mouth can be a direct entry point for SARS-CoV-2. I am planning. In addition, the mouth has a larger contact area than the nasal cavity, which is widely considered the main method of virus.

“We will work with researchers at the University of North Carolina in the United States to map and quantify the oral distribution of these receptors. Virus replication In the oral tissue. ” Luis Fernando Ferraz da Silva, a professor at FM-USP and a senior researcher at the project, said.

“The mouth is Virus It goes directly into the body. “

Another idea is to find out if older people have more ACE2 receptors in their mouth than younger people, given that salivation decreases with age. Nonetheless, researchers have found high viral load even in older patients with low salivary tissue.

“These patients had little salivary tissue, only fat. Organization.. Still, the viral load was relatively high. ”

Scientists have found evidence that the new coronavirus infects cells in the mouth


For more information:
Bruno Fernandes Matuck et al, Salivary Glands are Targets of SARS-CoV-2: Causes of Salivary Contamination, Pathology Journal (2021). DOI: 10.1002 / path.5679

Quote: Https: //medicalxpress.com/news/2021-07-coronavirus-infects-replicates-salivary-gland.html infects salivary gland cells (July 7, 2021) obtained on July 7, 2021 New coronavirus to replicate

This document is subject to copyright. No part may be reproduced without written permission, except for fair transactions for personal investigation or research purposes. The content is provided for informational purposes only.

Coronavirus infects and replicates salivary gland cells

Source link Coronavirus infects and replicates salivary gland cells

Essa notícia também repercutiu nos veículos:
Tech Kashif Wion News India A2Z (Índia) Thailand Medical News (Tailândia) The Siasat Daily (Índia) online Sify (Índia) Social News (EUA) The Health News Express Sound Health and Lasting Wealth (Nigéria) The Week (Índia) online Newss4u ihackpass (Índia) Hindi's News Samanyolu Haber (Turquia) Protothema (Grécia) Prokerala.com (Índia) Pourquoi Docteur (França) The Siasat Daily (Índia) online Onmanorama (Índia) News Medical (Austrália) NMIndian.com (EUA) National Herald (Índia) online Newkerala.com (Índia) Mirage News (Austrália) Medindia (Índia) Jioforme (Índia) LatestLy (Índia) India TV (Índia) Innovations Report (Alemanha) infoDENT24 (Polônia) India News Republic (Índia) India Narrative (Índia) Healthcare Hygiene Magazine (EUA) glamsham.com (Índia) International Business Times (Índia) iatronet (Grécia) DNA India (Índia) Biotech Asia News (Índia) Daily Pioneer (Índia) CanIndia (Índia) Daijiworld (Índia) Clinique Chirurgie Esthétique (França) Dentistry Today (EUA) online Archyworldys Cretalive News (Grécia) Awaz - The Voice (Índia) Sputnik Türkiye PS News (Romênia) Perth Online News (Austrália) NotesRadar Newss4u News Summed Up (EUA) Northern Territory Online News (Austrália) Northern Rivers Online News (Austrália) Olhar Digital NirogStreet (Índia) Newsbeezer (Brasil) Web India 123 (Índia) Middle East North Africa Financial Network (Jordânia) News Azi (Índia) Newsbeezer (Brasil) Newso Time (Estados Unidos) News Post Wall (EUA) News Post Wall (EUA) MidCoast Online News (Austrália) Newcastle Online News (Austrália) Murray Valley Online News (Austrália) Moyne Online News (Austrália) Mornington Online News (Austrália) Newsbeezer (Brasil) News.Jobsvacancy.in Narooma Online News (Austrália) Mudgee Online News (Austrália) The News Express News FR - 24 (França) Knowledia (França) News.Jobsvacancy.in Happy Health Moyne Online News (Austrália) Moneyrf.com Indian Women's World (Índia) Khabar HD India A2Z (Índia) Yahoo! (França) Live Stream View Junee Online News (Austrália) Maroochydore Online News (Austrália) Indian Top News MediExpose (ìndia) Ipswich Online News (Austrália) Illawarra Online News (Austrália) Kalgoorlie Online News (Austrália) Kiama Online News (Austrália) Lake Macquarie Online News (Austrália) Melbourne Online News (Austrália) Maitland Online News (Austrália) Suryaa (Índia) IND Forums Daily US Post Bold News (Albânia) 5 Dariya News (Índia) Toptenews (Índia) The Toys Matrix (Índia) Today UK News (Reino Unido) The Uncover Reality (Índia) Sunshine Coast Online News (Austrália) Stanthorpe Online News (Austrália) Tamworth Online News (Austrália) Taree Online News (Austrália) Victor Harbour Online News (Austrália) Whitsunday Online News (Austrália) Wingham Online News (Austrália) Southwest Online News (Austrália) Tasmania Online News (Austrália) Singleton Online News (Austrália) VIRAL NEWS BOY Tech Kashif Todayssnews.com (Índia) Townsville Online News (Austrália) Wheatbelt Online News (Austrália) Andhravilas (Índia) The World News (EUA) Scientific Inquirer (EUA) Hindi's News Dispatchist 4State News AlmedabadMirror (Índia) AllYouCanFind.info All My Medicine California News Times Today (EUA) FurtherBrazil (Reino Unido) Globe Health News Gold Coast Online News (Austrália) Goulburn Online News (Austrália) Herbert River Online News (Austrália) Gympie Online News (Austrália) Adelaide Online News (Austrália) Bathurst Online News (Austrália) Coolum Online News (Austrália) Coastal Views Online News (Austrália) Central Queensland Online News (Austrália) Brisbane Online News (Austrália) Fraser Coast Online News (Austrália) Frankston Online News (Austrália) Gatton Online News (Austrália) Dalby Online News (Austrália) Eastern Riverina Online News (Austrália) Pratirodh (Índia) ACQRO (Austrália) Madhyamam English (Índia) Forster-Tuncurry Online News (Austrália) Dungog Online News (Austrália) Eden Online News (Austrália) Ceduna Online News (Austrália) Ballarat online news (Austrália) Nagaland Post (Índia) HealthUnlocked (Reino Unido) Burada Biliyorum (Turquia) INS - Infusion Nurses Society (EUA) Medicine World Council MDLinx (EUA) Science Codex NewsATW Hekim.pro Doctor (Azerbaijão) invesBrain (Canadá) Scienmag Science Magazine (Reino Unido) Bioengineer (Reino Unido) 7thSpace The Rio Times Toowoomba Online News (Austrália)